Category Archives: Medical

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Double Vision in Children

Double vision, or binocular diplopia, is a condition that is much more common in older adults than it is in children. Since children are not as verbal about the problems they are having, it can be somewhat difficult to diagnose double vision in children. Once it has been diagnosed, the treatment is pretty straightforward and can be done with the help of an experienced pediatric ophthalmologist.

Why is double vision harmful?

Double vision can result in some trouble for children. The brain does not process both parts of the double vision – as a result, the eye will start trying to suppress one of its images and ignore the signals that are coming from one of the eyes. Over time, double vision that is not treated properly can result in blindness in one eye.

What causes double vision?

Double vision is most often a result of the angles of the eyes being set differently. This is a congenital issue and occurs during the development in the womb, in infancy, or while the child is growing. The eyes may be forming properly, but simply forming at different places within the eye socket. An injury to the head or other trauma to the eye can also cause a child to have double vision. This is a less common occurrence, but can happen when the eyeball is disrupted enough to become “rattled” away from the sockets and tendons that hold it in place.

How is double vision diagnosed?

Children, especially ones who have been suffering from double vision since infancy, may not be able to verbally identify that they are suffering from double vision. In children, it is most often discovered during a routine eye exam. It may not even be noticeable during this time and may only be found when the child goes to school and is not able to see the chalkboard or the papers in the same way that the other children can.

What are the symptoms and treatments of double vision?

The most common symptom of a child who is having double vision is a lot of squinting. If they are constantly squeezing their eyes or are not able to identify small things without squinting, double vision may be to blame. Treatments include glasses, eye patches and, in some extreme cases, surgery to the tendons that hold the eyes into place to arrange them both at the same angle.

November 19, 2014
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A Primer on Pink Eye

Conjunctivitis, which is commonly referred to as pink eye, is an inflammation of the clear tissue that lines the inside of the eyelids and the outside of the eyeballs. It is one of the most common and most treatable infections of the eye, but can cause more serious complications if it is not treated properly.

What are the symptoms of pink eye?

The most common symptom of conjunctivitis is an eye that is pink. The area of the eye that is normally white will appear to be a light pink to red color. The area around the eyes may also turn pink and become swollen. Additionally, the eyes may secrete discharge from the tear ducts, causing the eyelids to become further inflamed. Patients who are suffering from pink eye will also commonly have burning or itching of the eyes in combination with a gritty feeling in the eyelids. It is not uncommon for patients to wake up from sleep with their eyes held together with crust that comes from the secretions made by the tear ducts.

What causes pink eye?

Pink eye can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or from irritants to the eyes. Pet dander and other allergens can also make the inflammation worse. Pink eye is a very contagious condition and can spread from person to person with basic contact. An individual with pink eye should avoid close contact with others until the symptoms have disappeared. Good hand washing practices can also help to prevent the spread of the infection.

How is pink eye treated?

Pink eye will sometimes clear up on its own, but it is important than anyone with pink eye symptoms see a doctor to ensure that the condition is not becoming worse. If the inflammation is being caused by an irritant or allergen, the doctor will usually recommend that the affected individual stay away from the irritant. If it is caused by a bacterial or viral infection, the doctor will prescribe medication to stop the infection. A doctor will also be able to prescribe eye drops that can help reduce the uncomfortable symptoms of pink eye.

When should I be concerned?

Some symptoms that could be indicative of pink eye becoming more serious include major pain or redness around the eye, blurred vision, or sensitivity to light. A doctor should always see patients who have weakened immune systems or patients who are under six weeks old as soon as they symptoms of pink eye are first observed. If medication is prescribed and the eye continues to get worse, or does not show any improvement after a few days, a doctor should be contacted again to ensure that there are no further complications.

October 15, 2014